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What is Structured Literacy and The Science of Reading?


The science of reading is not just phonics but includes all of the components of oral and written language.


These are:


*phonology (sound system)


*orthography (writing system including phonics & etymology)


*morphology (meaningful parts of language)


*semantics (relationships among words)


*syntax (sentence structure)


*pragmatics (use of language for a variety of purposes)


*discourse (organization-narrative & expository).


Structured literacy is the classroom application of the science of reading.


Structured literacy is based on these instructional principles:


*explicit


*systematic


*cumulative


*diagnostic/responsive (adjusted to needs of learner).


Structured literacy is not just about phonics either. It addresses all of the components of reading identified by the NRP-phonics, phonological awareness, fluency, comprehension, and vocabulary.